In a Civil war that last for over 21 years, women and young girls have been the victims of the worst human rights a buses, and as South Sudan and the world celebrate the birth of a news nation, it is incumbent on the new government to speedily address the gross human violation to cultivate the hope among the survivors of the war, violence against women is pervasive, devastating, and a tolerated problems in South Sudan, a legacy of South Sudan and their brother in North Sudan on the edges of brutal civil war should not be put in place for all problem that are facing a young growing nation.
My argument on women and young girl’s violence right is base on economic violence, early or force marriage, domestic rape, sexual violence, cattle raiding and tribal clashes. Since there are no venues to report the human right violation in South Sudan. Because they have a very low level of legal protection in relation to family matters especially no information that is available regarding laws that define a legal minimum age of marriage, a according to available statistics of early marriage in accordance to polygamy is legal in South Sudan as repudiation, there should be a need to educate women on how to know their rights and if there is any attempted the courts should prosecute the offenders without fear and favor.
I n the past, it was ownership of property and Female genital mutilation introduces by Arabs, and today most of it is tribal clashes in Lake State ,Unity State and Jonglei State that resulted into rape and beating, killing of women which result in a greater retaliation and higher death tolls. This violence against women and young girls is highly prevalent in South Sudan and most victims suffer in silence. According to the report made these year most of it is from tribal clashes, cattle raiding and disarmaments that was launch by the government of South Sudan in resolving cattle raiding and children abduction. There is also lack of health service available to the victims who are being rape, unwanted pregnancies, Sexual Transmitted Infection (STI) and HIV infection. Principle and rule that should governed all the people in state should be set up and people should be educating in respecting women rights.
As conflict between North and South Sudan in contested borders of states of South Kordofan, and Abyei, there are also internal threats to the safety of women and young girls. Since many women are been abducted by the rebel soldiers, rape and force them to live in the bush and they repeatedly keep on raping them, not only Sudan Army Forces (SAF) who are they victims, but event the South Army (SPLM/A), which is known for its used of wiped out rebels at the contested border can also engage in women violation rights by using raping as their satisfaction. Human right activist who runs the Non-governmental Organization Human right for the vulnerable, in South Sudan should be question, what is their works? If they are not supposed to protect the right of the women, they suppose to dismantle these words called ‘’Human Right’’
Violence against women goes beyond beatings. it includes force marriage, dowry-relate violence, marital rape, sexual harassment, intimidation at work and in educational institution, force pregnancy, Force abortion, force sterilization, trafficking and forced prostitution. It is dehumanizing to talk about what happen to women and young girls that fall in victims of violence in my country. Since the situation of Women in South Sudan is largely influence by traditional Norms, The government should set up a committee that will gather information in all ten state of the news nation of South Sudan.
Violence against women right is because of high bride prices which are usually given to parent of the girls in appreciation, so many men who are unable to pay high bride prices rape women in order to marry them. Men also become angry about paying high bride price as result of marriage, they end up treat their wives as person property and many of them are become victims of beat their wives out of anger and resentment. This is common in Dinka tribe of South Sudan who usually considered girls as source of wealth. The number of cattle paid per head should be reduced in order to avoid this untold human violation.
Women in South Sudan have virtually no legal right to ownership of property, they are being restricted from using excess land, in form of tenancy, widows cannot even manage inherited asset, they must be administered by the son not daughter and other uncles, they have no excess to bank loans, access to all forms of credit is reserved only for men family. They are also restricted on civil liberties, impact the freedom of movement of women without his husband is prohibited and freedom of dressing is also taken upon, all the women are considered as weak sex. Women should know their rights on the edges of equality.
Most of the young girls in South Sudan never have chance to go to school and this tragedy is base on pronounced of poverty. Only 37% of girl’s at age brackets of 6-14 attend school and before completing their schooling they are force to get marriage. Indeed, in South Sudan, the primary School complete rate is mere 22% among lowest in the global world. However, daughters are often considered as source of income, owing to the ‘’Bride Price’’ or dowry the might bring to their families, and thus married off at young age, rendered them vulnerable and live in miser life prospect, I think that, getting girls into school is one of the most powerful wanted ways to protect them from harms such as rape, early marriage abuse, violence, exploitation and sustainably alleviate poverty in the community.
In my conclusion, I extend my request to the government of South Sudan that they should specific introduce laws that protect gender. However, education for women and girls need to be a priority so that it can be part of economic and community development taking place in the news nation of South Sudan. According to what I reckon mostly education for women and young girls will brings power equality or balance to their opposite sex.